Did Google still dominates the internet search market? The second of three posts in the history of the search engines, I look at the early pioneers of the search market, including the first web crawler, WWW Wanderer. Did you know that Disney used to be one of the biggest players in the business? Or the Alta Vista was technically advanced, in many ways, in 1998, such as Google Now? Read more!
The pioneering Web Search Engine
Indeed, the point at which the modern search engines first begin to appear after the development and popularization of the MOSAIC browser 1993 1994 Internet magazine was launched and an overview the top 100 websites billed as the "most comprehensive" ever appear in a magazine list. A 28.8Kbps modem price was $ 399, and brought it up to the masses (although slowly) within the internet!
At this point, the next 4-5 years, it is only possible to produce a print and web-based directories of best sites, and this may be useful information to consumers. However, rapid growth in the number of www pages (130 in 1993 to over 600,000 in 1996) began to appear this effort, wasted in producing printed yellow pages all businesses, the media and the library in the world!
Although the WAIS was not sustained success, the value of being able to search – and click through – the full text of the documents several Internet hosts. The nascent internet magazines and web directories further highlighted the challenge is to keep up with the Internet, which is growing faster than the ability of every human being to catalog it.
In June 1993, Matthew Gray at MIT developed a PERL-based web crawler, WWW Wanderer. Initially it worked only as a tool to measure the growth of the World Wide Web "aggregators". Later, however, Gray (who is now Google) used the results to build an index crawled called "Wandex" and goes on a search front-end. In this way, Gray has developed the world's first Internet search engine and the first stand-alone web crawler (basic feature of modern search engines).
While Strider was the first to send a robot to crawl Web sites do not index the full text of the documents (as had WAIS). The first search engine to combine the two essential ingredients were sometimes refer, in 1994, developed by Brian Pinkerton University of Washington. It was sometimes refer to the search, which many of our early pioneers first scoured the internet and will be remembered with love for its (at the time) an attractive graphical interface and the incredible speed with which return results. 1994 also saw the launch Infoseek and Lycos.
However, the scale of growth of the web has begun to indexing beyond the reach of the average university's IT department. The next big step necessary investment. Enter, stage right, the (at large), Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC), and it's super-fast Alpha Laser 8400 turbo processor. December was an early adopter of web technologies and the first Fortune 500 company to create a website. The search engine AltaVista launched in 1995
1957, December was the 1970s and 1980s led to a mini-computer market. In fact, most of the machine, which ran in the early ARPANET hosts were DEC PDP-10s and PDP-11S. However, in the 1990s, in December there was a business in trouble. In 1977, the then CEO, Ken Olsen, famously said that "there is no reason for any individual to a computer in your home." While somewhat taken out of context at the time, this quote was partly symptomatic December slow response to the emergence of personal computers and client-server revolution in 1980.
By the time the development of AltaVista times, the company is besieged on all sides by HP, Compaq, Dell, IBM and Sun and are losing money like it's going out of style. Louis Monier and his research team in December were "discovered" internally as the ultimate public relations coup; The whole web made – and searchable – on a computer. What better way to showcase the company as an innovator and demonstrate the lightning-fast speeds and 64-bit storage of the new baby?
during 1995 Monier unleashed thousands of web crawlers her young (at the time an unprecedented result). By December (the launch site) Alta Vista has indexed more than 16 million documents that billions of words. Essentially, AltaVista was the first commercial-strength, web-based search system. Altavista has enjoyed nearly 300,000 visitors on the first day alone, nine months, serving 19 million requests a day.
AltaVista was, in fact, ahead of it's time technically. The search technology pioneer Google and others later took years to catch up. The site's natural search queries performed, logical operators, automatic translation service (Babelfish) and image, video and audio search. He is lightning fast (at least in the beginning), and (unlike other engines) coped well with legacy indexing Internet resources (particularly popular Usenet newsgroup in the then).
After Alta Vista, Excite and Magellan (all launched in 1995), several other search companies debuted, including Inktomi & Ask Jeeves (1996) and the Northern Light & Snap (1997). Google itself started in 1998
These early engines, each enjoying its own dedicated following and a portion of the then-nascent search market. Each had its own relative strengths and weaknesses. Northern Light, for example, the search results organized in folders marked with a specific object (which arguably has not improved today) and gained a small – but enthusiastic following as a result. Snap pioneering search results ranking, part of what people clicked on (something Yahoo! and Google just playing now!)
in January 1999 (the beginning of the dotcom boom), the biggest sites were (in market share) Yahoo!, Excite, Alta Vista and Disney, 88% of all search engine referrals. The market share is not closely related to the number of indexed pages (where Northern Light, AltaVista and then still relatively unknown Google introduced a):
search engine share of search referrals (99 December)
Yahoo! – 55.81%
properties Excite (Excite, Magellan, and sometimes refer) – 11.81%
Alta Vista – 11.18%
Disney Search properties (Infoseek & Go Network) – 8.91%
Lycos – 5.05%
Go To (now Overture) – 2.76%
Snap / NBCi – 1.58%
MSN – 1.25%